ISSN 2368-2132 Login Register
Call for Paper - February 2019 Edition
JELL solicits original research papers for the February 2019 Edition of JELL. The date of manuscript submission is Open
Read More

Email this article (login required)

Theme of time and past of youth in a couple of distinct ways in Summer and Smoke

Syed Afshan

Abstract


The phrase ‘Summer and Smoke’ comes from the Hart Crane’s Poem “Emblems of Conduct”. It is a two part, thirteen scene 1948 play by Tennessee Williams, originally titled “Chart of Anatomy”. The play centers on a highly-strung, unmarried minister’s daughter, Alma Wine miller, and the spiritual sexual romance that nearly blossoms between her and the wild, undisciplined young doctor who grew up next door, Jahn Buchanan. Williams makes clear during the play that Alma means ‘Soul’ in Spanish whereas John represents the ‘Earth’. The play’s end is tragic because both have traded places philosophically. The thing that makes this play so tragic is that John is not a bad guy. John is a damaged Soul, and he is determined to live up to everyone’s horrible opinions of him. Williams focuses on a Stagnant Society that is hostile and unaccommodating to the young. In his play, women who attempt to talk of a higher love or spirituality are often knocked off their self-erected pedestals into the arms of a dominant man. He exposes Society’s double standard where men are expected to sow their wild oats, but if women, the pillars of Society, choose this path, it is viewed as scandalous. As a victim of Society, Alma is overpowered by a man who values only sexual gratification in a relationship.

Keywords


Sexual Jealousy; Victim; Society; Tragic ending; Theme; Lost of Youth

Full Text:

PDF


Number of Views: 0 Number of downloads: 2



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Quick Link

Journal Content

  • Search

Peer Review

JELL introduces peer-review from its first Edition onwards. The researchers submitting their papers for publication should review atleast one technical paper from their domain. The manuscript also undergoes mandatory procedural review with JELL review and scholar panel.